A news wires is an organization of journalists established to supply news reports to news organizations: newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. Such an agency may also be referred to as a wire service, Newswire, or news service. News wires are generally known as “News agency.”
You may have heard of the Associated Press, Scripps-Howard or Reuters, but what are these organizations, really? They are examples of a news wire, or news organization. The term news wire came into being in the days of the telegraph, when suddenly; newspapers across the country could communicate news to each other at heretofore unknown speeds! It refers to the telegraph wires, and is still a part of newspaper lingo today.
A news wire is composed of editors and journalists who cover stories for that particular company. Unlike a newspaper, a news wire organization does not have its own product. There is not an Associated Press newspaper, for example. However, almost every newspaper all over the world is a member of the Associated Press. The AP, like Reuters and other wire services, supplies stories, photographs and graphics in newspapers.
One great benefit of organizations like the AP is that they have reporters who cover events that local reporters cannot. Most newspapers could not afford to send a reporter overseas to cover a war or economic summit, but the AP has employees all over who do just that. For most newspapers, the news wire is the “official” source. Nothing is “official” until AP or other news wire picks up the story.
The oldest news agency is Agence France-Presse (AFP). It was founded in 1835 by a Parisian translator and advertising agent, Charles-Louis Havas as Agence Havas. Two of his employees, Paul Julius Reuter and Bernhard Wolff, later set up rival news agencies in London and Berlin respectively. In 1853, in Turin, Guglielmo Stefani founded the Agenzia Stefani that became the most important agency in the Kingdom of Italy, and took international relevance with Manlio Morgagni.
In order to reduce overhead and develop the lucrative advertising side of the business, Havas’s sons, who had succeeded him in 1852, signed agreements with Reuter and Wolff, giving each news agency an exclusive reporting zone in different parts of Europe.
News agencies can be corporations that sell news (e.g. Press Association, Thomson Reuters and United Press International). Other agencies work cooperatively with large media companies, generating their news centrally and sharing local news stories the major news agencies may chose to pick up and redistribute (i.e. AP, Agence France-Presse (AFP) or American Press Agency (APA). Commercial Newswire services charge businesses to distribute their news (e.g. Business Wire, the Hugin Group, GlobeNewswire, Marketwire, PR Newswire, PR NewsChannel, CisionWire, and ABN Newswire). Governments may also control news agencies: China (Xinhua), Russia (ITAR-TASS) and other countries also have government-funded news agencies which also use information from other agencies as well.
The major news agencies generally prepare hard news stories and feature articles that can be used by other news organizations with little or no modification, and then sell them to other news organizations. They provide these articles in bulk electronically through wire services (originally they used telegraphy; today they frequently use the Internet). Corporations, individuals, analysts, and intelligence agencies may also subscribe.
News sources, collectively, described as alternative media provide reporting which emphasizes a self-defined “non-corporate view” as a contrast to the points of view expressed in corporate media and government-generated news releases. Internet-based alternative news agencies form one component of these sources.
- American Reporter – The American Reporter provides fresh, original content from reporters around the globe for one of the few online daily newspapers.
- Associated Press –
- Bloomberg Business News – Bloomberg a premier site for business and financial market news. It delivers world economic news, stock futures, stock quotes, & personal finance advice.
- BusinessWire – The global leader in press release distribution and regulatory disclosure.
- Canadian Press – Real-time news wire feed for newspapers; radio/TV stations; websites; magazines; others.
- ClariNet – ClariNet Communications Corp. is the world’s first ever “.com” company. ClariNet was also the Internet’s first, and for a long time, the largest, electronic newspaper.
- Congressional Observer Publications – Custom Business Technology Solutions including Broadband Wireless, Colocation, Dedicated Servers, Web Hosting, Web Design & Development.
- Disaster.Net – Disaster survival store and resource center for earthquake, flood, hurricane, nuclear, solar storm, tornado, tsunami, volcano and wildfire.
- Dow Jones Newswires – Dow Jones Newswires delivers breaking news, exclusive analysis & expert commentary with focused, accurate coverage of all industries & sectors.
- Emergency.Net – Life Alert alarm provides medical home emergency protection. 1-800-360-0329 Independent living for senior citizens with Life Alert.
- Environmental News Network – Environmental education and awareness e-zine with daily updates.
- Federal News Service – Transcript news coverage of national politics and elections; print and online media monitoring; document translation.
- Gallup Poll – Provides data-driven news based on U.S. and world polls, daily tracking and public opinion research. Articles and videos cover news.
- Globe Newswire – Specialize in the delivery of corporate press releases, financial disclosures, and multimedia content to the media, investment community, individual investors, and the general public.
- ILF News Network Inc. The Independent Living Fund News.
- Infoseek Personal – Infoseek was a popular search engine founded in 1994 by Steve Kirsch.
- Knight Ridder/Tribune Information Services (KRT) – An Internet-based information services Directory.
- Los Angeles Times-Washington Post – Largest Usenet distributor worldwide.
- Market Wire – Provides press release distribution to major media. Also provides newswire services, and online media monitoring.
- NewsUSA – Has created and placed over 15,000 editorially sound newspaper, radio and online features that educate and inform consumers about finance, health.
- Omnivore News Service – The first truly global news portal on the web.
- PointCast – Stock markets widget and many other great free widgets.
- PoliticsUSA – Liberal and independent news site which would offer a mix politics and opinion in an unfiltered environment, not beholden to any specific political or media agenda.
- PR Newswire – PR Newswire’s news distribution, targeting, monitoring and marketing solutions help you connect and engage with target audiences across the globe.
- Press Association of Britain – The national news agency for the UK and Ireland and a leading multi-media content provider across web, mobile, broadcast and print.
- Religion News Service – News about religion, ethics, spirituality and moral issues. Based in Washington D.C.
- Religion Newswriters Association – Resources, tools and training for writing about religion.
- Reuters – Brings you the latest news from around the world, covering breaking news in business, politics, entertainment, technology, and more.
- United Press International – Delivers the latest headlines from around the world: Top News, Entertainment
, Health, Business, Science and Sports News – United Press International.
- Women’s Enews – Covering women’s issues, changing women’s lives.
- Ziff Davis – ZDNet’s breaking news, analysis, and research keeps business technology professionals in touch with the latest IT trends, issues and events.